August Strindberg monument, Stockholm
In the Tegnerlunden park there is a monument to the famous Swedish playwright, poet and artist August Strinberg (August Strindberg staty on map), he is the founder of Swedish realism, and the most important representative of Swedish literature of the late 19th - early 20th century. In 40 years, Strinberg has created more than sixty theater plays, and thirty literary works.
Johan August Strindberg (1849 - 1912) born into a family of shipping agent and maid, raised in poverty, ignorance, and religious fanaticism. Since 1867, the future writer tried to get higher education at Uppsala and Stockholm University, earning a livelihood in a variety of ways: was an assistant pharmacist, tutor, school teacher, worked at the Royal theater, where he expressed interest to dramahas. In 1970, Strinberg wrote his first comedy in verse "In Rome", in the same year it was adopted by the Royal theater. At the end of 1871, Strinberg published a great historical drama about the Church reform in Sweden called "Mäster Olof" in an innovative style, but this work was recognized by critics of the Royal theater "nihilistic and blasphemous" and arrived on the scene only in 1881, when Strinberg was already recognized as a writer. Never received a diploma in Uppsala, in 1872, Strinberg moved to Stockholm, where he worked for two years in journalism, then eight years was an assistant at the Royal library, continuing literary experiments.
The novel "The Red room" (Röda rummet), written in 1879, brought wide fame to the author.This work, written in the spirit of realism and bold satire called the first modern Swedish novel. Describing the career of a poor young idealist who aspires to become a writer, the author reveals the mores of different segments of the Stockholm society. Strinberg himself passed this way, so the novel can be called autobiographical. Over the years of creativity in his works Strinberg has gone from naturalism to expressionism. The writer was an ardent supporter of the socialist and even anarchist ideas, and his daughter Karin Strindberg married a Russian revolutionary Vladimir Smirnov. Strinberg spent the last years of his life in a nearby house named "Blå tornet". The monument, made by sculptor Carl Eldh, was opened in 1942.